Where did ‘lucifer’ originate? Updated 12/04

Seems a pertinent question with so much talk of who is really who and what is what amongst ‘new age’ discussions.  For instance, what is the difference between “lucifer” and “satan”? Is there any difference? We heard or read way back that it (“lucifer”) was a reference to the planet Venus amongst other things. We wanted to know for definite so we went off to research.  One thing for sure, we’d rather be armed with facts than follow woo-woo from folks living off donations from the gullible who are either easily led, too lazy to look for themselves or who are discouraged from asking relevant questions by these woo-woo spreaders.  Give us sources we can check, please!
This is one article from the blogosphere that addresses the actual origins of the word “lucifer”.  We might add to this as and when time allows.

Btw, “lucifer” comes from Latin.   This article also addresses “satan”.
http://michaelsheiser.com/TheNakedBible/2013/10/jesus-morning-star/

Here’s another:

http://trish-m.hubpages.com/hub/Lucifer-Devil-or-King-or-Morning-Star-or-Something-Else

And an academic paper to get your teeth into.

http://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1279&context=lts_fac_pubs

Update 10/04/15 to include:

http://www.themystica.com/mystica/articles/s/samael1.html

Samael is a major demon in Jewish demon lore and Christian demonology. He also plays important roles within occultism. He is credited as being in the heavenly hierarchies as well as being among the fallen angels. In the Chronicles of Jerahmeel Samael is described as being “chief of the Satans.” Even though this work depicted him as being one of the most wickest angels, he is nevertheless said to be an angel in the service of the Lord.

The evil side of Samael is depicted in Jewish lore. He is the angel of death, and collector of Moses’ soul. In the Haggadah Samael is the guardian of Jacob’s brother Esau. This presents Samael as a wicked angel because Esau is wicked only thinking of worldly things and drawn to worship in places of idolatry. Samael in the Zohar is associated with Amalek, the god of the physical world. The text describes Samael as Amalek’s occult name. The Zohar describes Samael as meaning “poison of God.” A. E. Waite in his work The Holy Kabbalah defines Samael as the “severity of God” and also equates him with Satan and the Serpent, Lilith being his bride. In Moncure Daniel Conway’s Demonology and Devil-Lore, Samael, functioning as the left hand of God, is consort of both the voluptuous maiden Naamah and the arch-she-devil Lilith.

Lynn Picknett ~ Lucifer Revised – YouTube

Interview on Red Ice Radio