Socrates – A life for truth and justice.

Noble aims indeed.

 

http://www.maat.it/livello2-i/socrate-i.htm

 

SOCRATES

A life for truth and justice

He who thinks that to be a philosopher means to go away from the world to live an abstracted life in an unreal world does not have any acquaintance of what philosophers have done through centuries.

Persecutions, accusations of every kind, sentences, even to death or to the exile, have accompanied the life of many philosophers.

The relationship between the philosophers and the economic, political and religious power has always been difficult.

Centuries pass but mighty ones continue to fear he who thinks.

Locality: Athens, Greece

Age: 469-399 B.C.

The man

Socrates was born in 469 at Athens, the deme of Alopecie, son of the sculptor Sophroniscus and the midwife Phainarete.

He belonged to the small Athenian bourgeoisie.

He began to work in his father’s workshop. But the love for knowledge carried him to be interested initially in natural sciences and afterwords in philosophy. He had contacts with Parmenides and Zeno of Elea, perhaps he knew Anaxagoras personally, established relationships with Archelaus of Miletus, disciple of Anaxagoras and Diogenes of Apollonia.

Man of strong build, walked barefoot and wore worthless garments.

He never took care of riches and his economic conditions took a turn for the worse everyday.

After the 421 he married Xanthippe and had three sons, the elder was named Lampracus.

The military life

He lived in the period of the war of Peloponnese. He defended the native land with large dedication obtaining numerous citations.

He fought bravely at Poteidaia (432-429), at Delion in 424 and at Amphipolis in 422. He proved force, courage and generosity. At Poteidaia he saved Alcibiades, who had been hurt. Lachete asserts “I have been with him during the retreat (at Delion) and if everyone had been like Socrates, our city would never have been dragged in the disaster”.

cont’d

http://www.maat.it/livello2-i/socrate-i.htmSocrates